ETHOS Research Sustainability Consultancy
ETHOS Research Sustainability Consultancy

Papers, Chapters and Reports

The list of more recent papers, chapters in books and reports by our consultants (some in collaboration with colleagues from other organisations and institutions).

  1. Jeswani, H. K., A. Whiting, A. Martin and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental and economic sustainability of poultry litter gasification for electricity and heat generation. Waste Management. In press.
  2. Konstantas, A., Laurence Stamford and A. Azapagic (2019). Evaluation of environmental sustainability of biscuits at the product and sectoral levels. Journal of Cleaner Production, 230, 1217-1228. 
  3. Frankowska, A. H. Jeswani and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of vegetables consumption in the UK. Science of the Total Environment, 682, 80-105. 
  4. Konstantas, A., Laurence Stamford and A. Azapagic (2019). Evaluating the environmental sustainability of cakes. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 19, 169-180. 
  5. Aberilla, J.M., A. Gallego-Schmid, A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental sustainability of small-scale biomass power technologies for agricultural communities in developing countries. Renewable Energy, 141, 493-506. 
  6. Jeswani, H. K. A. Whiting, A. Martin and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of poultry litter gasification for power generation.Energy Procedia, 161, 32-37. 
  7. Mendoza, J. M. F., A, Gallego-Schmid and A. Azapagic (2019). A methodological framework for the implementation of circular economy thinking in higher education institutions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 226, 831-844. 
  8. Schmidt Rivera, X. C., C. Leadley, L. Potter and A. Azapagic (2019). Aiding the design of innovative and sustainable food packaging: Integrating techno-environmental and circular economy criteria. Energy Procedia, 161, 190-197. 
  9. Konstantas, A., Laurence Stamford and A. Azapagic (2019). Economic sustainability of food supply chains: life cycle costs and value added in the confectionary and frozen desserts sectors. Science of the Total Environment, 670, 902-914. 
  10. Slorach, P. C., H. K. Jeswani, R. Cuéllar-Franca and A. Azapagic (2019). Energy demand and carbon footprint of treating household food waste compared to its prevention. Energy Procedia, 161, 17-23. 
  11. Mendoza, J. M. F., A, Gallego-Schmid and A. Azapagic (2019). Building a business case for implementation of a circular economy in higher education institutions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 220, 553-567. 
  12. Frankowska, A. H. Jeswani and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of vegetables consumption in the UK. Environmental sustainability issues in the food-energy-water nexus in the UK vegetables sector: Energy and water consumption. Energy Procedia, 161, 150-156. 
  13. Gosalvitr, P., R. Cuellar-Franca, R. Smith and A. Azapagic (2019). Energy demand and carbon footprint of cheddar cheese with energy recovery from cheese whey. Energy Procedia, 161, 10-16. 
  14. Slorach, P. C., H. K. Jeswani, R. Cuéllar-Franca and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental sustainability of anaerobic digestion of household food waste. Journal of Environmental Management, 236, 798-814. 
  15. Taskhiri, M.S., H. Jeswani, J. Geldermann and A. Azapagic (2019). Optimising cascaded utilisation of wood resources considering economic and environmental aspects. Computer & Chemical Engineering, 124, 302-316. 
  16. Schmidt Rivera, X. C. and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of ready-made meals considering different cuisines and recipes.Science of the Total Environment, 660, 1168-1181. 
  17. Bacenetti, J., A. Fusi and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental sustainability of integrating the organic Rankin cycle with anaerobic digestion and combined heat and power generation. Science of the Total Environment, 658, 684-696. 
  18. Sieti, N., X.C. Schmidt Rivera, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of baby food: Ready-made porridge products.Journal of Cleaner Production, 212, 1554-1567. 
  19. Gallego-Schmid A., J. M. F. Mendoza and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of takeaway food containers. Journal of Cleaner Production, 211, 417-427. 
  20. Mendoza, J. M. F., F. D'Aponte, D. Gualtieri and A. Azapagic (2019). Disposable baby diapers: life cycle costs, eco-efficiency and circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 211, 455-467. 
  21. Mendoza, J. M. F., S. A. Popa, F. D'Aponte, D. Gualtieri and A. Azapagic (2019). Improving resource efficiency and environmental impacts through novel design and manufacturing of disposable baby diapers. Journal of Cleaner Production, 210, 916-928. 
  22. Konstantas, A., Laurence Stamford and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental impacts of ice cream. Journal of Cleaner Production, 209, 259-272. 
  23. Gallego-Schmid, A., R. R. Zepon Tarpani, S. Miralles-Cuevas, A. Cabrera-Reina, Sixto Malato and A. Azapagic (2019). Environmental assessment of solar photo-Fenton processes in combination with nanofiltration for the removal of micro-contaminants from real wastewaters. Science of the Total Environment, 650, 2210-2220. 
  24. Bishop, M.T., Tomatis, M., Zhang, W., Peng, C., Chen, G.Z., He, J., Hu, D. (2019). Assessment of toxicity reduction in ZnS substituted CdS:P3HT bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using a single-source precursor deposition. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 4, 948-955. 
  25. Tarpani, R. and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle costs of advanced treatment techniques for wastewater reuse and resource recovery from sewage sludge. Journal of Cleaner Production, 204, 832-847. 
  26. Mendoza, J. M. F., A. Gallego-Schmid, X. C. Schmidt Rivera, J. Rieradevall and A. Azapagic (2018). Sustainability assessment of home-made solar cookers for use in developed countries. Science of the Total Environment , 648, 184-196. 
  27. Alonso-Fariñas, B., A, Gallego-Schmid, P. Haro and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental assessment of thermo-chemical processes for bio-ethylene production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 202, 817-829. 
  28. Jeswani, H.K., S. Hellweg and A. Azapagic (2018). Accounting for land use, biodiversity and ecosystem services in life cycle assessment: impacts of breakfast cereals. Science of the Total Environment, 645, 51-59. 
  29. Uctug, F.G. and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental impacts of small-scale hybrid energy systems: coupling solar photovoltaics and lithium-ion batteries Science of the Total Environment, 643, 1579-1589. 
  30. Schmidt Rivera, X.C., E. Topriska, M. Kolokotroni and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental sustainability of renewable hydrogen in comparison with conventional cooking fuels. Science of the Total Environment, 196, 863-879. 
  31. Kouloumpis, V. and A. Azapagic (2018). Integrated life cycle sustainability assessment using fuzzy inference: a novel FELICITA model.Sustainable Production and Consumption, 15, 25-34. 
  32. Phillips, R., H. Jeswani, A. Azapagic and D. Apul (2018). Are stormwater pollution impacts significant in life cycle assessment? A new methodology for quantifying embedded urban stormwater impacts. Science of the Total Environment, 636, 115-123. 
  33. Gaete-Morales, C., A. Gallego-Schmid, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2018). Assessing the environmental sustainability of electricity generation in Chile. Science of the Total Environment, 636, 1155-1170. 
  34. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental impacts of solar PV: The effects of technological improvements and transfer of manufacture from Europe to China. Energy Technology, 6, 1148-1160. 
  35. Tarpani, R. and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle environmental impacts of advanced wastewater treatment techniques for removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). Journal of Environmental Management, 215, 258-272. 
  36. Konstantas, A. and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental impacts of chocolate production and consumption in the UK. Food Research International, 106, 1012-1025. 
  37. Gallego-Schmid, A., J. M. F. Mendoza and A. Azapagic (2018). Improving the environmental sustainability of reusable food containers.Science of the Total Environment 628 - 629, 979-989. 
  38. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2018). Sustainability of UK shale gas in comparison with other electricity options: Current situation and future scenarios. Science of the Total Environment 619-620 , 804-814. 
  39. Galán-Martín, Á., C. Pozo, A. Azapagic, I. E. Grossmann, N. Mac Dowell and G. Guillén-Gosálbez (2018). Time for global action: an optimised cooperative approach towards effective climate change mitigation. Energy and Environmental Science, 11, 572-581. 
  40. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2018). Economic viability of UK shale gas and potential impact on the energy market up to 2030.Applied Energy, 215, 577-590. 
  41. Stamford, L., B. Greening and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle environmental and economic sustainability of Stirling engine micro-CHP systems. Energy Technology, 6, 1119-1138. 
  42. Espinoza-Orias, N. and A. Azapagic (2018). Understanding the impact on climate change of convenience food: carbon footprint of sandwiches. Sustainable Production and Consumption , 15, 1-15. 
  43. Gallego-Schmid, A., H. K. Jeswani, J. M. F. Mendoza and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle environmental evaluation of kettles: Recommendations for the development of eco-design regulations in the European Union. Science of the Total Environment , 625, 135-146. 
  44. Heyes, G., M. Sharmina, J.M.F. Mendoza, A. Gallego Schmid and A. Azapagic (2018). Circular economy business models in the service sector: The role of ICT support companies. Journal of Cleaner Production , 177, 621-632. 
  45. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2018). Social sustainability assessment of shale gas in the UK. Sustainable Production and Consumption , 14, 1-20. 
  46. Tarpani, R. and A. Azapagic (2018). A methodology for estimating concentrations of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in wastewater treatment plants and in freshwaters. Science of the Total Environment , 622, 1417-1430. 
  47. Uctug, F.G. and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle environmental impacts of domestic solar water heaters in Turkey: the effect of different climatic regions. Science of the Total Environment 622-623, 1202-1216. 
  48. Jeswani, H. K., Espinoza-Orias, N, T. Croker and A. Azapagic (2018). Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from integrated organic farming: a systems approach considering rotation cycles. Sustainable Production and Consumption , 13, 60-79. 
  49. Gallego-Schmid, A., J. M. F. Mendoza and A. Azapagic (2018). Environmental assessment of microwaves and the effect of European energy efficiency and waste management legislation. Science of the Total Environment , 618, 487-499. 
  50. Ezeh, C.I., Tomatis, M., Yang, X., He, J., Sun, C. (2018). Ultrasonic and hydrothermal mediated synthesis routes for functionalized Mg-Al LDH: Comparison study on surface morphology, basic site strength, cyclic sorption efficiency and effectiveness. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 40, 341-352. 
  51. Tomatis, M., Xu, H., Wei, C., Bishop, M., He, J., Wang, C., Zhao, M., Xiao, H., Yu, H., Behera, S., Tang, B. (2018). A comparative study of Mn/Co binary metal catalysts supported on two commercial diatomaceous earths for oxidation of benzene. Catalysts, 8, 1-22. 
  52. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2017). Energy challenges for Turkey: identifying sustainable options for future electricity generation up to 2050. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 12, 234-254. 
  53. Mendoza, J.M.F, M. Sharmina, A. Gallego-Schmid, G. Heyes, and A. Azapagic (2017). Integrating backcasting and eco-design for the circular economy: the BECE framework. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 21, 526-544. 
  54. Yue, Q., J. He, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2017). Nuclear power in China: an analysis of the current and near-future uranium flows.Energy Technology, 5, 681-691. 
  55. Perdan, S., C. Jones and A. Azapagic (2017). Public awareness and acceptance of carbon capture and utilisation in the UK. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 10, 74-84. 
  56. Cuéllar-Franca, R.M., P. García-Gutiérrez, S.F.R. Taylor, C. Hardacre and A. Azapagic (2016). A novel methodology for assessing the environmental sustainability of ionic liquids used for CO2 capture. Faraday Discussions, 192, 283-301. 
  57. Galán-Martín, A., G. Guillén-Gosálbez, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2016). Enhanced data envelopment analysis for sustainability assessment: a novel methodology and application to electricity technologies. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 90, 188-200. 
  58. Azapagic, A., L. Stamford, L. Youds and C. Barteczko-Hibbert (2016). Towards sustainable production and consumption: a novel decision-support framework integrating economic, environmental and social sustainability (DESIRES). Computers & Chemical Engineering, 91, 93-103. 
  59. Gallego-Schmid, A., J. M. F. Mendoza, H. K. Jeswani and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts of vacuum cleaners and the effects of European regulation. Science of the Total Environment, 559, 192-203. 
  60. Garcia-Herreroa, I., R. M. Cuéllar-Franca, V. M. Enríquez-Gutiérrez, M. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien and A. Azapagic (2016). Environmental assessment of dimethyl carbonate production: comparison of a novel electrosynthesis route utilising CO2 with a commercial oxidative carbonylation process. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 4, 2088-2097. 
  61. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). An integrated life cycle sustainability assessment of electricity generation in Turkey. Energy Policy, 93, 168-186. 
  62. Fusi, A., J. Bacenetti, M. Fiala and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts of electricity from biogas produced by anaerobic digestion. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 4, 26, 1-17. 
  63. Jeswani, H.K and A. Azapagic (2016). Assessing the environmental sustainability of energy recovery from municipal solid waste in the UK.Waste Management, 50, 346-363. 
  64. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2016). Shale gas: a review of the economic, environmental and social sustainability. Energy Technology, 4, 772-792. 
  65. Amienyo, D. and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts and costs of beer production and consumption in the UK.International Journal of LCA, 21, 492-509. 
  66. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). Assessing the environmental sustainability of electricity in Turkey on a life cycle basis. Energies 9, 31, 1-24. 
  67. Ekvall, T., A. Azapagic, G. Finnveden, T. Rydberg, B. P. Weidema, A. Zamagni (2016). Attributional and consequential LCA in the ILCD Handbook. International Journal of LCA, 21, 293-296. 
  68. Amienyo, D., J. Doyle, D. Gerola, G. Santacatterina and A. Azapagic (2016). Sustainable manufacturing of consumer appliances: reducing life cycle environmental impacts and costs of domestic ovens. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 6, 67-76. 
  69. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). Renewable electricity in Turkey: life cycle environmental impacts Renewable Energy, 89, 649-657. 
  70. Azapagic, A., J. Bore, B. Cheserek, S. Kamunya and A. Elbehri (2016). The global warming potential of production and consumption of Kenyan tea. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 4031-4040. 
  71. Schmidt Rivera, X. and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle costs and environmental impacts of production and consumption of ready and home-made meals. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 214-228. 
  72. Tomatis, M., Xu, H., He, J., Zhang, X. (2016). Recent development of catalysts for removal of volatile organic compounds in flue gas by combustion: A review. Journal of Chemistry, 2016, 1-15. 
  73. Fusi, A., R. Guidetti and A. Azapagic (2016). Evaluation of environmental impacts in the catering sector: the case of pasta. Journal of Cleaner Production, 132, 146-160. 
  74. Jeswani, H. K., R. Burkinshaw and A. Azapagic (2015). Environmental sustainability issues in the food-energy water nexus: breakfast cereals and snacks. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 2, 17-28. 
  75. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2015). Energy self-sufficiency, grid demand variability and consumer costs: integrating solar PV, stirling engine CHP and battery storage. Applied Energy, 155, 393-408. 
  76. Gujba, H., Y. Mulugetta and A. Azapagic (2015). The household cooking sector in Nigeria: environmental and economic sustainability assessment. Resources, 4, 412-433. 
  77. Dimitriou, I., P. García-Gutierrez, R. H. Elder, R. Cuellar-Franca, A. Azapagic and R. W.K. Allen (2015). Carbon dioxide utilisation for production of transport fuels: process and economic analysis. Energy and Environmental Science, 8, 1775-1789. 
  78. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2015). Response to the comment by Westaway et al. (Applied Energy, 20 March 2015) on “Life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas” (Applied Energy 134 (2014) 506-581) . 
  79. Kouloumpis, V., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2015). Decarbonising electricity mix: is climate change mitigation going to be carried out at the expense of other environmental impacts? Sustainable Production and Consumption, 1, 1-21. 
  80. Jeswani, H. K., T. Falano and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle environmental sustainability of lignocellulosic ethanol produced in integrated thermo-chemical biorefineries. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 9, 661-676. 
  81. Jeswani, H. K. and A. Azapagic (2015). Is e-reading environmentally more sustainable than conventional reading? Journal of Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 17, 3, 803-809. 
  82. Azapagic, A. (2015). Sustainable production and consumption: a decision-support framework integrating environmental, economic and social sustainability. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 37, 131-136.
  83. Cuellar-Franca, R., I. Dimitriou, P. García-Gutierrez, R. H. Elder, R. W. K. Allen and A. Azapagic (2015). Carbon capture and utilisation: applying life cycle thinking to process design. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 37, 1457-1462.
  84. Goodfellow, M.J., J. Wortley, P. Dewick and A. Azapagic (2015). Public perceptions of design options for new nuclear plants in the UK.Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 94, 72-88. 
  85. Jeswani, H. K., E. P. L. Roberts, H. Gujba, N. W. Brown and A. Azapagic (2015). Removal of organic compounds from water: life cycle environmental impacts and economic costs of the Arvia process compared to granulated activated carbon. Journal of Cleaner Production, 89, 203-213. 
  86. Cuellar-Franca, R. and A. Azapagic (2015). Carbon capture, storage and utilisation of technologies: a critical analysis and comparison of their life cycle environmental impacts. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 9, 82-102. 
  87. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2015). Environmental impacts of microgeneration: integrating solar PV, stirling engine CHP and battery storage. Applied Energy, 139, 245-259. 
  88. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle environmental impacts of electricity from fossil fuels in Turkey. Journal of Cleaner Production, 106, 555-564. 
  89. Brizmohun, R., T. Ramjeawon and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle assessment of electricity in Mauritius. Journal of Cleaner Production, 106, 565-575. 
  90. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2014). Sustainable chemical engineering: dealing with "wicked" sustainability problems. AIChE Journal 60, 12, 3998-4007. 
  91. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2014). Environmental impacts of shale gas in the UK: current situation and future scenarios.Energy Technology, 2, 1012-1026. 
  92. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle sustainability assessment of UK electricity scenarios to 2070. Energy for Sustainable Development, 23, 194-211. 
  93. Kim, S., B.E. Dale, R. Heijungs, A. Azapagic, T. Darlington and D. Kahlbaum (2014). Indirect land use change and biofuels: mathematical analysis reveals a fundamental flaw in the regulatory approach. Biomass and Bioenergy, 71, 408-412. 
  94. Tassou, S., M. Kolokotroni, B. Gowreesunker, V. Stojceska, A. Azapagic, P. Fryer and S. Bakalis (2014). Energy demand and reduction opportunities in the UK food chain. Energy, 167, 162-170. 
  95. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas. Applied Energy, 134, 506-518. 
  96. Hibbert, C., I. Bonis, M. Binns, C. Theodoropoulos and A. Azapagic (2014). A multi-period mixed-integer linear optimisation of future electricity supply considering life cycle costs and environmental impacts. Applied Energy, 133, 317-334. 
  97. Santoyo-Castelazo, E. and A. Azapagic (2014). Sustainability assessment of energy systems: integrating environmental, economic and social aspects. Journal of Cleaner Production, 80, 119-138. 
  98. Santoyo-Castelazo, E., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2014). Environmental implications of decarbonising electricity supply in large economies: the case of Mexico. Energy Conversion and Management, 85, 272-291. 

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